Profiles various amphibian and reptile species in the province. The profiles describe the species and their homes, what they eat, where they live, how they are doing, and what?s being done to help them in B.C. Northwestern Salamanders are relatively large, reaching a maximum total length of 24 centimetres. The body is usually uniformly dark brown, but sometimes individuals are grey or black, and they may have light ﬂecks on their backs. Adult and juvenile Northwestern Salamanders have relatively large, dark, protruding eyes. In addition, adults have broad heads with large parotoid glands visible as swellings behind the eyes. These glands, as well as the granular glands along the sides of the tail, can exude a mild white poison if the animal is threatened. Adults have a broad, vertically ﬂattened tail and large hind feet used for swimming and burrowing. This salamander also has 10 to 12 prominent costal grooves (furrows that resemble ribs along the side of the body) between the front and rear legs.
Ministry of Environment. 2007. Northwestern Salamander (salamander watch factsheet). Ministyr of Environment. Frogwatch factsheet. 3