Profiles various amphibian and reptile species in the province. The profiles describe the species and their homes, what they eat, where they live, how they are doing, and what?s being done to help them in B.C. The Long-toed Salamander is a slender salamander, about 8.5 centimetres long, with dark grey to black skin ﬂecked with golden speckles. The head is oval with large bulbous eyes and a blunt snout. A yellow to green stripe, sometimes patchy and uneven on the edges, runs down the back almost to the tip of the tail. When threatened, this salamander secretes a distasteful poison from granular glands on its back and tail. The little scars often found on the tail prove that this defence works well against small predators ? after a little nibble most predators will ﬁnd a tastier snack! Sometimes, a salamander may lose its tail in defence. This amphibian is named for the long fourth toe on each hind foot. The underside often has a pinkish tone, and the belly, legs and sides are ﬂecked with white. Twelve costal grooves (vertical furrows that look like ribs) mark each side of the body. The smooth skin appears wet ? most salamanders produce a mucous-like secretion that keeps them from drying out on land, and acts as a ?wetsuit? underwater to control the amount of water soaking through the skin.
Ministry of Environment. 2007. Long-toed Salamander (salamander watch factsheet). Ministry of Environment. Frogwatch factsheet. 4