Profiles various amphibian and reptile species in the province. The profiles describe the species and their homes, what they eat, where they live, how they are doing, and what?s being done to help them in B.C. The Coastal Giant Salamander is one of the largest semi-aquatic salamanders in the United States and Canada. Terrestrial adults can reach a total length of 34 centimetres, while aquatic adults (neotenes) can reach up to 35 cm. These salamanders have a relatively large head, body, and legs. Their smooth skin usually has tan, gold, or grey mottling on top of a dark brown, reddish-brown, or grey background. However, some individuals lack the mottling and have uniform colouring. The underside is light brown or off-white. These salamanders lack obvious costal grooves (indents along the body that look like ribs), but have dark hardened toe tips used for digging and climbing.
Ministry of Environment. 2007. Coastal Giant Salamander (salamander watch factsheet). Ministry of Environment. Frogwatch factsheet. 2