Development of coastal mainland forests appears to lead to declines in their grizzly populations. These declines will prevent management objectives for bears from being achieved. The major factors causing decline appear to relate to changes in hunting pressure and changes in habitat. The Fish and Wildlife B ranch is publicly committed to maintaining the diversity and viability of species representative of the major biophysical zones of the province. Since forestry development will reach virtually every major coastal mainland watershed within 25 years, it is incumbent upon the Fish and Wildlife Branch to develop management strategies that will realize Branch management objectives. This problem analysis will identify the information base required before effective co-operative management strategies can be developed. Six major areas of research are outlined: 1. to determine population discreteness of coastal grizzlies; 2. to determine the nature, duration, and extent of dispersal; 3. to determine the seasonal habitat requirements of coastal grizzlies; 4. to assess the impacts of different forest practices on grizzly bear habitat and management; 5. to determine the ecological requirements for denning habitat and denning biology; 6. to determine if the concept of critical. breeding areas applies to coastal grizzlies. As well, non-research topics have been identified which are of equally high priority: development of an intensive information/education program to be delivered to all personnel working in coastal watersheds and development of a garbage policy for remote camps. T his Problem Analysis has two main purposes: to describe and examine management concerns relating to coastal grizzly bears and to identify and rank research questions that address these concerns to provide information to help managers meet objectives. A corollary purpose is to identify other actions necessary to meet management objectives.
Archibald, W.R.. 1983. Problem Analysis: Grizzly Bears and Coastal Development With Particular Reference to Intensive Forestry. Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Forests. Wildlife Bulletin. b-26