Management plans are prepared for species that may be at risk of becoming endangered or threatened due to sensitivity to human activities or natural events. A management plan: identifies a set of coordinated conservation activities and land use measures needed to ensure that target species do not become threatened or endangered; outlines what is and is not known about a species or ecosystem, identifies threats to the species or ecosystem, and what should be done to mitigate those threats; sets goals and objectives, and recommends approaches appropriate conservation. Direction set in the management plan provides valuable information that may be used by individuals, communities, land users, conservationists, academics, and governments interested in implementing species conservation. Cryptic paw (Nephroma occultum) is a foliose lichen growing most often on living branches, usually near the branch tips, in old-growth forests characterized by high humidity and stable environmental conditions. Cryptic paw is endemic to western North America, and was designated by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) as Special Concern in Canada in April, 2006. It was listed on the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA) Schedule 1 in 2007, and in B.C., it is on the provincial Blue list, ranked S2S3 (imperilled to special concern, vulnerable to extirpation or extinction) by the Conservation Data Centre. The B.C. Conservation Framework ranks cryptic paw as a priority 2 under goal 3 (maintain the diversity of native species and ecosystems). Its current Canadian distribution consists of 45 populations in coastal and eastern B.C. Threats to the survival of cryptic paw populations include biological resource use (forest harvesting) and natural system modifications. Other potential threats include energy production and mining, and climate change and severe weather. The management goal is to maintain all known extant populations of cryptic paw in British Columbia.
Ministry of Environment. 2011. Management Plan for Cryptic Paw (Nephroma occultum) in British Columbia. Ministry of Environment. Management Plan (Species at risk)