The Coeur d'Alene Salamander (Plethodon idahoensis) is a lungless salamander of the family Plethodontidae. It requires moist microhabitats to respire and uses wet, rocky retreats such as waterfall splash zones, wet talus, rock seepages, and stream banks to prevent desiccation in summer and avoid freezing in winter. It is associated with steep terrain, where fractured bedrock is close to the surface and deep talus is found at the base of cliffs.
The Coeur d'Alene Salamander is federally listed as Special Concern on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA). Listing was recommended by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC 2007) because of Coeur d'Alene Salamander?s restricted range in southeastern British Columbia and its dependence on moist, rocky features in an area that is relatively dry. Since 2007, however, other populations have been confirmed in wetter areas of the province. This expanded range offsets the initial concerns about the species. In British Columbia, the Coeur d'Alene Salamander is ranked S4 (apparently secure) by the B.C. Conservation Data Centre and is on the provincial Yellow list. The B.C. Conservation Framework ranks the Coeur d'Alene Salamander as a priority 2 under Goal #2 (prevent species and ecosystems from becoming at risk). It is protected from capture and killing under the B.C. Wildlife Act. It is also listed as a species that requires special management attention to address the impacts of forest and range activities under the Forest and Range Practices Act (FRPA) as described in the Identified Wildlife Management Strategy (Province of British Columbia 2004).
The overall Threat Impact for this species is Low. Threats include renewable energy developments such as run-of-river projects that change hydrology; roads and railroads through rock scaling, blasting, and dumping of spoils that destroy habitat and individuals; and logging and wood harvesting, which destroys individuals and disturbs habitat along small and ephemeral streams.
The management goal for Coeur d'Alene Salamander is to maintain a stable population across its distribution in British Columbia.
The management objectives are:
1.to clarify Coeur d'Alene Salamander?s distribution
2.to monitor persistence, relative abundance and age structure at selected locations in various watersheds and elevations distributed across the species range;
3.to initiate threat assessment studies and plan recovery actions if threats and/or declines are detected during population monitoring (Objective 2).
B.C. Ministry of Environment. 2015. Management Plan for the Coeur d'Alene Salamander (Plethodon idahoensis) in British Columbia. Province of B.C., Ministry of Environment
Topic: Recovery Planning
Scientific Name: Plethodon idahoensis
English Name: Coeur d''Alene Salamander
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