The Peregrine Falcon, pealei subspecies (Falco peregrinus pealei), was designated as of Special Concern by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in 1978, 1999, 2001, and most recently in 2007. It is listed as of Special Concern in Canada on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act. In British Columbia, the Peregrine Falcon, pealei subspecies, is ranked S3 (Special Concern, vulnerable to extirpation or extinction) by the B.C. Conservation Data Centre and is on the provincial Blue List. The B.C. Conservation Framework ranks Peregrine Falcon, pealei subspecies, as a Priority 1 under Goal 2 (2 = prevent species and ecosystems from becoming at risk). It is also protected under the British Columbia Wildlife Act.
Threats to populations include natural system modifications (i.e., declining seabird populations) and the direct effects of pollution (primarily environmental contaminants, and the threat of a catastrophic oil spill) on breeding populations. Direct threats to habitat are not significant because the birds nest on remote and rugged cliffs, although nests have occasionally been found in trees.
Over the short term, the management goal is to maintain the population of the pealei subspecies within ?5% of recent estimates, and retain its current distribution. The long-term goal is to gradually increase the population of the pealei subspecies to numbers that are closer to those estimated for the early 20th century.
The following are the management objectives:
1. To monitor the population in British Columbia with enough coverage and frequency to detect changes.
2. To maintain at current or higher population levels the colonially nesting seabirds that are the primary prey of Peregrine Falcon, pealei subspecies.
3. To address knowledge gaps regarding organochlorine contaminants and other bioaccumulating toxins and their impacts on populations of Peregrine Falcon, pealei subspecies.
4. To develop and update oil spill response plans for the areas around provincial seabird colonies.
5. To ensure falconry harvest is sustainable.
6. To conduct genetic research to refine knowledge of subspecies boundaries.
B.C. Ministry of Environment. 2016. Management Plan for the Peregrine Falcon, pealei subspecies (Falco peregrinus pealei) in British Columbia. Province of B.C., B.C. Ministry of Environment. Management Plan (Species at Risk)
Topic: Recovery Planning
Scientific Name: Falco peregrinus pealei
English Name: Peregrine Falcon, Pealei Subspecies
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