Kennedy Flats Watershed is located in Clayoquot Sound, on the west coast of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada (Figure 1). Much of the watershed was logged between 1950 and 1980. Logging and salvage practices of the time were not designed to protect streams or fisheries resources and as a result many of the streams in the area have reduced fish access, poor water quality and altered hydrological function.
The Kennedy Flats Watershed Restoration Project (KWRP) was initiated in 1994 under the federal Canadian Salmon Enhancement and Restoration Fund (CSERF) and continued in 1995 under the provincial Forest Renewal BC (FRBC)Watershed Restoration Program (WRP). Since that time, local restoration crews have been working to restore the hydrological, biological, riparian, and ecological functions of the Kennedy Flats Watersheds.
Methods used have included removal of non-embedded small woody debris (SWD), anchoring of large woody debris (LWD) into functional structures, spawning gravel placement, riparian restoration, landslide restoration and road deactivation. Tofino and Thornton Creek Salmon Enhancement Societies have also been working to augment salmon populations through their hatchery programs and spawning gravel placement projects.