This research proposal introduces innovative collaborative strategies between Siska Band and the Teal Jones Group to research new techniques and applications in forestry in the management of traditionally important plants. This collaboration is drawing on both traditional Nlaka?pamux forest management knowledge and modern forest management techniques to enhance the sound scientific results of this research.
Due to challenges concerning indigenous knowledge and contracting, this project got off to a late start with work beginning in December 2006. This timing did not allow for the anticipated field sampling in 2006, thus this work is now being planned for June 2007. Due to a need to progress on the deliverables, the TEM mapping conducted in fall 2006 by Madrone Consulting and Keefer Ecological Services is being used to provide decision making information on plant communities until the sampling is completed. Interviews with community elders and others will have been completed by early March 2007 with the information analysed shortly thereafter.
The study site is made up of two proposed cutblocks roughly 40 ha each that are being scheduled to log in the fall of 2007 as part of the Siska Forest and Range Agreement. The two cutblocks are immediately up hill from the Siska community. It is expected that the layout and timber cruise of these blocks will be completed in March 2007 with permitting in place by the autumn to allow for the logging. This project is designed to test different strategies for enhancing Saskatoon berry, beaked hazelnut, blackcap and soopalalie as well as other key cultural plant species.
This project is employing community interviews, historic photos, the literature, plant inventories and other sources to gain information on the management of the key species. Results of the management related information on these species is being assembled into a database that is fused from the US Fire Effects Information System and Hausler & Coates (1986) with specific focus on the management of these resources as NTFPs. Anderson (2005) provides methods for reconstructing past management regimes in the modern context.
The proposed cutblocks as the basis of a series of experimental treatments for Saskatoon, soopalalie and other NTFP?s as identified. Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta) and (Shepherdia canadensis) have been identified on these proposed blocks with Saskatoon the dominant shrub species. Traditional knowledge collected as part of this project suggests that the blackcap (Rubus leucodermis) will propagate itself after the logging treatments. A random selection of the known (mapped) Saskatoon, soopalalie, hazelnut and other key species populations will be selected pre-treatment and post-treatment. This provides an unbiased, random sampling of the population. Attempts will be made to differentiate the varieties of Saskatoon that are traditionally recognised by the Nlaka?pamux. There will be four main treatments conducted: ? logging with prescribed burn ? logging with pruning and brushing ? logging with no follow up treatment ? control. The results of this research will be applicable to improved understanding and management of: ? Traditional use plant species ? Compatible management of forests for berries and trees ? Improving harvest yields for key plant species ? Stand level biodiversity ? Wildfire hazard abatement ? Climate change mitigation ? Wildlife enhancement.
Keefer, Michael E., Hamilton, Evelyn H.; Sampson, Fred; Burton, Philip J.; Miller, Michael. 2009. Measuring success in managing for Saskatoon berries and other traditionally important plants. Forest Investment Account (FIA) - Forest Science Program. Forest Investment Account Report. FIA2009MR324
Topic: FLNRORD Research Program
Keywords: Forest, Investment, Account, (FIA), British, Columbia
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