The black bear (Ursus americanus) is the smallest and most widely distributed member of the bear family found in North America. In British Columbia, black bears inhabit all areas of the province except most urban cores. They
are relatively numerous and tolerant of human activities and as a result are the most commonly encountered large carnivore in the province. Black bears are not always black, and this variation is most apparent in British Columbia.
Other colour phases that occur in British
Columbia include cinnamon, brown, and blonde. A white-coloured morph, called Kermode or Spirit Bear, is reported most frequently on the north-central coast. The blue phase, or “glacier” bear, is sometimes seen in the extreme northwest corner of the province.
Blood, Donald A.. 2001. Black Bears in British Columbia. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks. Mammals in BC brochure