The management activities necessary to enhance arboreal lichen abundance in second-growth stands are formulated into a strategy compatible with other aspects of winter range creation. The conditions that promote lichen colonization, lichen growth, and litterfall production are described. A set of key stand features that are indicators of the potential of a stand to produce lichen forage are identified. A computer model is used to relate stand development to the production of lichens and litterfall and to predict the effects of several different management scenarios on the key stand features.
Stevenson, Susan K., Enns, Katherine A.. 1991. Integrating Lichen Enhancement with Programs for Winter Range Creation. Part 1: Stand-lichen Model. Ministry of Forests. Wildlife Bulletin. B69