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Management Plan for Wood Bison in British Columbia Harper, William L.
2000
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Abstract: Wood Bison were nearly eliminated by uncontrolled hunting during the fur trade in the late 1800s. In British Columbia, the last confirmed wood Bison was shot in 1906. Canadian populations began to recover in the early 1900s, but the introduction of Plains Bison into Wood Buffalo National Park (WBNP) in the late 1920s transgressed the genetic isolation of the original population. Bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis were also introduced with infected Plains Bison. In 1965 Wood Bison salvaged from WBNP were used to establish a disease-free national captive breeding herd (Elk Island National Park) that has since provided stock for six free-roaming populations. Recent studies confirm that these descendant herds resemble Wood Bison, despite the earlier hybridization event. One goal of the Canadian Wood Bison recovery program is to establish a minimum of four herds of over 400 animals each, with at least one of them in British Columbia. Two herds outside of British Columbia have reached the minimum size threshold, a
 
Harper, William L., Elliott, John P.; Hatter, Ian; Schwantje, Helen. 2000. Management Plan for Wood Bison in British Columbia. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks. Wildlife Bulletin. B102
 
Topic: Conservation + Mgmt (Wildlife, Fish, Plant)
Keywords: British Columbia, Bison bison athabascae, Etthithun Lake, game-farming, Liard River, management plan, Plains Bison, recovery, reintroduction, translocation, Wood Bison
ISSN:  Scientific Name: Bos bison athabascae, Bos bison
ISBN: 0-7726-4200-1 English Name: Bison, Wood Bison
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