Wood bison (Bison bison athabascae) were nearly eliminated by uncontrolled hunting during the fur trade in the late 1800s. In British Columbia, the last confirmed wood bison was shot in 1906. Canadian populations began to recover in the early 1900s, but the genetic isolation of the original population was transgressed with the introduction of plains bison (Bison bison bison) into Wood Buffalo National Park (WBNP) in the late 1920s. Bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis were also introduced with the plains bison. Wood bison salvaged in 1965 from WBNP were used to establish a disease-free, national captive-breeding herd that has since provided stock for 6 free-ranging populations. Recent studies confirm the descendant herds resemble wood bison, despite the earlier hybridization event. One goal of the Canadian wood bison recovery program is the establishment of at least 4 herds of more than 400 animals each, with at least 1 of them in British Columbia...
Harper, William L., Gates, C. Cormack. 1999. Recovery of Wood Bison in British Columbia (in Proc. Conference Biology & Management of Species and Habitats at Risk). Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks; University College of the Cariboo. Proceedings - Conference Biology & Management
Topic: Species and Ecosystems at Risk
Keywords: Bison bison athabascae, Bison bison bison, game-farming, Liard River, plains bison, species recovery, reintroduction, translocation, bc, recovery planning, species status
Scientific Name: Bos bison athabascae
English Name: Wood Bison
Other Identifier: University College of the Cariboo
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