This report identifies work completed for the Muskwa wolf management program for the 1984-85 biological year. Wolf and ungulate population response to wolf removal are documented. One hundred and ninety-eight wolves were removed from 13520 km2 of the Muskwa program area. Moose in the 1984 moderated wolf reduction area responded with four times as many calves per 100 cows as had been present the previous (prereduction of wolves) year (or as are found in untreated wolf areas). During two years of high wolf numbers and one year of lower, cow mosse are estimated to have decliend by 27%. Elk in the 1984 moder wolf reduction area responded with three times as many calves per 100 cows as had been present the previous year. During two years of high wolf numbers and one year of lower, cow elk are estimated to have declined by 6%. Mountain sheep in the 1984 moderate wolf reduction area responded with two times as many lambs per 100 ewes and three times as many yearlings per lambs the previous pear (proportionally) as had been present prior to reduction of wolf numbers. Caribou continue to show good recruitment. A viable - though reduced - wolf population remains in the area.
Elliott, J. P.. 1985. Muskwa Wolf Management Project of Northeastern B.C. 1984-85 Annual Report. Ministry of Environment. Wildlife Working Report. WR-14