This report covers work completed for the Muskwa wolf management program for the 1985-86 biological year. Wolves have increased threefold since the termination of management. Ungulate juvenile survival was generally good oversummer and then declined thereafter as wolves immigrated to the Muskwa. High juvenile summer survival may have buffered adult ungulate winter losses tow olves. Further wolf increases are expected in 1986 due to reproductive output plus additional immigration.
Elliott, J. P.. 1986. Muskwa Wolf Management Project of Northeastern British Columbia 1985-86 Annual Report. Ministry of Environment. Wildlife Working Report. WR-21