Wild ungulate use and vegetation of three reclaimed strip mines in southeastern British Columbia were assessed over a three year period (1974-1976). Ungulates were attracted by water and "islands" of native vegetation on the seeded areas. Heaviest use occurred close to cover, both along the edges of the disturbed areas and near the vegetation "islands". Ungulate use of the seeded areas increased over the study period but was always less that use on the surrounding undisturbed areas. Forage yields from the seeded areas did not vary significantly at the Placid Oil mine or at McGillivray Pit but, at Erickson Pit, there were significant changes primarily due to variations in production of sweet clover and alfalfa. Plant species diversity on the seeded areas of the three mines showed few changes during the study period. Only a few native plant species successfully invaded the seeded areas.
Stanlake, E. A., Eastman, D. S.; Stanlake, M. G.. 1978. Ungulate Use of Some Recently Reclaimed Strip Mines in Southeastern British Columbia. Ministry of Environment. R-1