The results of a 5-year study concerning the selection of winter habitat by black-tailed deer are reported. Comparisons are made between 10- to 30-year-old pole sapling standsp and 300+-year-old old-growth forests as to their relative merits as winter habitat. A total of 28 radio-collared deer were located over 5 years to categorize seasonal movement strategies and winter habitat selection. Three seasonal movement behavioural types were recognized: obligate migrators, facultative migrators, and non-migratory residents. Resident deer comprised half the sample, while three deer made obligatory migrations.
McNay, R. S., Doyle, D. D.. 1987. Winter Habitat Selection by Black-Tailed Deer on Vancouver Island: A Job Completion Report. Ministries of Environment and Forests. Wildlife Bulletin. B-53