This recovery strategy addresses the recovery of the globally imperiled, herbaceous plant Spalding's campion (Silene spaldingii). In Canada, the species is known only from Tobacco Plains, an area of semi-open grasslands near Roosville on the British Columbia-Montana border. Currently, three populations are known, totaling an estimated 150-250 plants. Due to its extreme rarity and ongoing threats to survival and habitat, the species was assessed as Endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in 2005, and listed on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act in August 2006. Identified threats include, in approximate order of importance: invasive alien species encroachment; urban/residential development; habitat fragmentation and small population size; alteration of fire regimes; herbicide drift; livestock grazing; herbivory and predation; and prolonged drought and global warming. The long-term population and distribution objectives set out for Spalding's campion will provide the primary basis for evaluating the progress of the recovery program. However, several short-term performance measures are also identified, including: the number of priority sites successfully protected by conservation covenants or stewardship agreements; the number of sites substantially improved through invasive alien species control and other management activities; and the number of knowledge gaps addressed. The strategy will be reviewed in 5 years to assess progress and to identify additional approaches or changes that may be required to achieve recovery.
Southern Interior Rare Plants Recovery Implementation Group. 2008. Recovery Strategy for Spalding's Campion (Silene spaldingii) in British Columbia. Ministry of Environment. Recovery Plan
Topic: Recovery Planning
Keywords: species at risk, canadian wildlife service, environment canada, bc, species recovery, recovery planning
Scientific Name: Silene spaldingii
English Name: Spalding's Campion
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