Ministry of Environment
EcoCat:The Ecological Reports Catalogue
EcoCat Image

Report: Whitebark Pine Planting in East Kootenay Wildfire Areas FWCP COL-F21-W-3272

Report Documents
Map Plotfiles
  • No files of this type available
Data Files
  • No files of this type available
Digital Map Files
  • No files of this type available
Image Document
  • No files of this type available
Video Files
  • No files of this type available
All Documents

  • No files available


  • If you have any questions on the information presented, or require additional report data or attachments, please contact the Report Contact

Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) is a keystone species of high elevation ecosystems; whose ecological role is diminishing due to declining populations caused by white pine blister rust, mountain pine beetle, changes to species composition due to changes in fire regimes, and global climate change.

Author:  Randy Moody

Old Reference Number:  COL-F21-W-3272

Old Reference System:  FWCP - Fish Wildlife Compensation Program Columbia

Date Published:  Mar 2021

Report ID:  59170

Audience:  Government and Public

This population decline is so acute that whitebark pine has been listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the Federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). This project aligns with the Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program Upland and Dryland Action Plan Species of Interest Chapter, Species-Based action type: COLUPD.SOI.SB.27.01 Whitebark Pine Restoration Efforts - P2. The secondary action this project aligns with is COLUPD.ECO.HB.15.01 Identify, maintain and restore old-growth ecosystems - P1; also in the Upland and Dryland Action Plan from the Ecosystem Chapter and Habitat-based Action Type. To recover whitebark pine we planted putatively resistant seedlings, which may have resistance to white pine blister rust; removed competition from around naturally regenerating whitebark pine seedlings and saplings, surveyed cutblocks to identify their role in recovery, and conducted outreach with youth, ski areas, and plant nurseries. In total we restored 24.75 ha of whitebark pine habitat. In Kianuko Provincial Park we planted 4,500 seedlings over 4.29 ha; at Hourglass Lakes we planted 700 seedlings over 3.3 ha including 540 seedlings planted directly in monitoring transects; and at Kootenay Pass we planted 500 seedlings over 0.96 ha. We removed competition from around whitebark pine trees at two locations on Mount Puddingburn and Bootleg Mountain totalling 16.2 ha. At each location, an intensive clearing area within a sample plot was established where the majority of non-whitebark stems were removed including 1800 stems per ha at Puddingburn and 2050 stems per ha at Bootleg; at Bootleg the majority of area cut was done in a random method throughout the treatment area. Competition removal may be an appropriate treatment in areas where suitable planting areas are not present or where rust hazards are low; this is especially important in cutblocks where regeneration is common but pathways to reproductive maturity appear doubtful. Outreach was conducted with youth, ski areas, and nurseries. Youth demonstrated a keen interest in growing whitebark pine and should be included as participants in future projects; four ski areas were identified to participate in whitebark pine recovery work; and a professional relationship with U.S. nurseries was created to aid Canadian nurseries in whitebark pine seedling production.

Report Type
  Region - Kootenay
  Vegetation - Growth and Yield Monitoring

Warranty Disclaimer

This information is provided as a public service by the Government of British Columbia, Box 9411, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada V8W 9V1. This Web site and all of the information it contains are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, whether express or implied. All implied warranties, including, without limitation, implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement, are hereby expressly disclaimed. Limitation of Liabilities Under no circumstances will the Government of British Columbia be liable to any person or business entity for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, consequential, or other damages based on any use of this Web site or any other Web site to which this site is linked, including, without limitation, any lost profits, business interruption, or loss of programs or information, even if the Government of British Columbia has been specifically advised of the possibility of such damages.