Tall bugbane (Actaea elata var. elata) is a Pacific Northwest endemic, perennial vascular plant species found globally only in Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia (B.C.). Within B.C., it is currently restricted to 7 known populations within the Chilliwack area of the lower Fraser Valley. When in flower, tall bugbane is a distinguished plant with showy white bottle brush flowers reaching 1 - 2 m high.
Tall bugbane was designated in 2001 as Endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). It is listed as Endangered in Canada on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA). In B.C., tall bugbane is ranked S1 (critically imperiled) by the Conservation Data Centre and is on the provincial Red list. The B.C. Conservation Framework ranks the tall bugbane as priority 1 under goals 1 and 3 (1 = contribute to global efforts for species and ecosystem conservation; 3 = maintain the diversity of native species and ecosystems). It is also listed as a species that requires special management attention to address the impacts of forest and range activities under the Forest and Range Practices Act (FRPA) and/or the impacts of oil and gas activities under the Oil and Gas Activities Act (OGAA) on Crown land (as described in the Identified Wildlife Management Strategy). Recovery is considered to be biologically and technically feasible.
Threats include canopy removal from timber harvest, urbanization including roads, recreational activities (e.g., hiking, mountain biking, off-roading), plant collecting, poaching/harvesting of bigleaf maple, herbicides, and the introduction of invasive species through human disturbance. Such threats may directly or indirectly result in habitat degradation and fragmentation, loss of connection corridors, loss of pollinators, influx of invasive species as competitors, and increased herbivory.
Tall Bugbane Recovery Team. 2014. Recovery Plan for the Tall Bugbane (Actaea elata var. elata) in British Columbia. Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Environment. BC Recovery Strategy (Species at Risk)
Topic: Recovery Planning
Scientific Name: Actaea elata var. elata
English Name: Tall Bugbane
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