Document Updated April 2017. The Painted Turtle ? Pacific Coast Population (Chrysemys picta pop. 1) is an endemic, colourful freshwater turtle with unique patterns on its plastron (belly). Within coastal British Columbia, it is currently restricted to 37 population units.
The Western Painted Turtle Pacific Coast population (Chrysemys picta bellii [Pacific Coast Population] referred to in this document as Painted Turtle ? Pacific Coast Population) was designated in 2006 as Endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and is on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA). In British Columbia, the Painted Turtle ? Pacific Coast Population is ranked S2 (imperiled) by the Conservation Data Centre and is on the provincial Red list. The B.C. Conservation Framework ranks this population as a priority 2 under goal 3 (maintain the diversity of native species and ecosystems). It is protected from capture and killing, under the British Columbia Wildlife Act. Major ongoing threats include: extensive loss of aquatic and riparian habitat related to residential, agricultural, and industrial developments; road expansion and vehicular mortality; collection for consumptive use and pet trade; and non-native and invasive species.
Survival and recovery habitat for the Painted Turtle ? Pacific Coast Population includes a Core Area of Activity that comprises all occupied aquatic habitat and 80 m of terrestrial habitat on either side of the waterbody or watercourse, and an additional Adjacent Terrestrial Area that incorporates 260 m of habitat beyond the 80-m terrestrial buffer. Both areas cover biophysical attributes and habitat within 3 km of an occurrence. Management of these survival and recovery habitat areas should avoid and mitigate impacts to the biophysical attributes that support essential functions and features of the Painted Turtle ? Pacific Coast Population in British Columbia.
The long-term goal (45 years ) for the Painted Turtle ? Pacific Coast Population is to ensure healthy, self-sustaining population units over three generations.
To work towards achieving the long-term recovery (population and distribution) goal, the following medium term objective (10 years) has been identified:
The recovery (population and distribution) goal (within 10 years) is to maintain or increase the number of individuals and distribution of Painted Turtle ? Pacific Coast Population units, and ensure the quality and quantity of habitat remains stable or increases, while improving survivorship and recruitment within its range in British Columbia.
The recovery plan has the following six objectives.
1. Protect and restore habitat, features, and connectivity at all recoverable and new population units.
2. Implement population management and threat mitigation to stabilize or increase recruitment and survivorship rates of all life stages, as needed, while maintaining the genetic distinctiveness of Pacific Coast populations.
3. Manage invasive/non-native species to improve survival of native turtles, mitigate interbreeding with non-native turtles (retain genetic integrity), mitigate disease transfer, and reduce resource competition.
4. Inventory new areas and clarify distribution of the species to prevent the inadvertent loss of not-yet discovered populations.
5. Monitor population trends and habitat status to evaluate the effectiveness of recovery actions.
6. Research life history, historical distribution population dynamics, and habitat use of the species, and clarify threats facing these populations, so that appropriate conservation measures can be taken to adaptively improve conservation and recovery efforts.
Western Painted Turtle Recovery Team. 2016. Recovery Plan for the Painted Turtle - Pacific Coast Population (Chrysemys picta pop. 1) in British Columbia. Province of BC. BC Recovery Strategy (Species at Risk)
Topic: Recovery Planning
Scientific Name: Chrysemys picta pop. 1
English Name: Western Painted Turtle
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