The Northern Goshawk is the largest accipiter hawk in British Columbia. This hawk has short, rounded wings and a long tail, which helps it maneuver through the mature and old forest it selects for nesting and foraging. Two subspecies, Accipiter gentilis laingi and Accipiter gentilis atricapillus, are recognized in the province. The coastal laingi subspecies occurs along the northwest coast of North America from Washington to Alaska, with the entire Canadian population found in British Columbia.
The Northern Goshawk, laingi subspecies, was assessed as ?Threatened? in 2013 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and is listed on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act. This hawk is Red-listed (Threatened) in British Columbia. The most imminent threats to this bird are roads and forest harvesting that result in the loss and fragmentation of nesting and foraging habitats. Ecosystem modification and subsequent reductions in prey diversity and abundance in Haida Gwaii related to introduced Black-tailed Deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus) are also a concern.
The Northern Goshawk, laingi subspecies, is protected from capture and killing under the provincial Wildlife Act. It is also identified as a species requiring special management to mitigate impacts of forest and range activities under the Forest and Range Practices Act and impacts of oil and gas activities under the Oil and Gas Activities Act on Crown land.
The long-term recovery goal for the Northern Goshawk, laingi subspecies, is to ensure viable populations persist in each conservation region in coastal British Columbia.
The population and distribution objectives for the Northern Goshawk, laingi subspecies, are to:
? maintain at least 408 home ranges in British Columbia; and
? distribute these home ranges amongst the four conservation regions:
o Haida Gwaii ? 25 home ranges
o North Coast ? 128 home ranges
o South Coast ? 110 home ranges
o Vancouver Island ? 145 home ranges
The short-term (2017?2020) implementation objectives are as follows.
? By 2020, protect at least 95 new priority breeding areas in British Columbia through establishment of breeding area reserves (wildlife habitat areas or equivalent) consistent with provincial breeding area management guidelines.
? Facilitate research on foraging habitat requirements to inform the development of foraging habitat management options.
? Facilitate research on the distribution and habitat requirements of Northern Goshawk, laingi subspecies, in the transition zone.
? By 2020, return to senior provincial government with:
o an implementation update;
o recommendations for foraging habitat management; and
o recommendations for additional implementation actions.
The goal and objectives of this implementation plan are intended to maximize conservation efforts to benefit Northern Goshawk, laingi subspecies, and support current and future recovery efforts, while providing resource development opportunities. This vision provides certainty in maintaining socio-economic and environmental values, which are important to the people of British Columbia and the global community.
Prepared by the Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development. 2018. Implementation Plan for the Recovery of Northern Goshawk, laingi Subspecies (Accipiter gentilis laingi) in British Columbia. Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development
Topic: Recovery Planning
Scientific Name: Accipiter gentilis laingi
English Name: Northern Goshawk, Laingi Subspecies
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