Individual symptoms of undesirable growth form characteristics (distorted growth) in coastal Douglas-fir are presented and discussed in relation to their causes. The results of five studies are included. These studies examine the pattern of occurrence of distorted growth characteristics in relation to site ecological characteristics, genetics, and stand nutrition, age and density.
Carter, R.E., Klinka, K.. 1986. Symptoms and causes of distorted growth in immature forest stands in coastal British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development. Land Management Report (FLNRORD). LMR39
Topic: FLNRORD Research Program
Keywords: Forest, Health
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