In the last decade, biodiversity management guidelines, sustainable forestry management plans and forest stewardship plans have been developed in order to address biodiversity conservation in managed landscapes. However, for various reasons, most of these guidelines and ecosystem models/indicators have not been evaluated for their ability to conserve biodiversity in managed landscapes. As a result, resource managers have a difficult time answering basic questions raised by managers and public advisory groups, such as 'are the original values of landscapes being conserved?', 'do we have managed landscapes with viable populations of coarse- and fine- filter species?', and ' is the management plan effective?'. Monitoring biological diversity is a very complex and difficult process, especially over large areas (Mulder et al. 1999) such as the Prince George TSA. Although there is a tremendous amount of literature related to biodiversity monitoring, most is conceptual in nature, or is focused on developing (not actually evaluating) specific biodiversity management plans (Madsen et al. 1999; Mulder et al. 1999;). In addition, when biodiversity management and monitoring programs are developed, statistical significance is often mistaken as having ecological relevance (Johnson et al, 1999). Effectiveness monitoring aims to evaluate landscape level biodiversity management decisions that have collectively been made by resource managers. Several provincial agencies, resource extraction companies, and non-governmental conservation groups have monitoring programs in place already. Some of these monitoring programs have components of effectiveness monitoring already incorporated into the planning process. The effectiveness monitoring plan proposed in this document should be utilized in association with these other monitoring programs. The goal of conserving biological diversity is shared by many people, companies, agencies and organizations, and finding synergies between different monitoring programs should ultimately result in more and possibly better data for use in adaptive management processes. It is important to understand the different types of monitoring programs prior to discussing the details of effectiveness monitoring. A brief discussion on these monitoring options is provided in section 1.1
by Gilbert Proulx and Dan Bernier.
Proulx, Gilbert, Bernier, Dan. 2006. An effectiveness monitoring program for biodiversity management in the Prince George TSA. Forest Investment Account (FIA) - Land Base Investment Program - Innovative. Forest Investment Account Report