Kennedy Flats Watershed is located in Clayoquot Sound, on the west coast of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada (Figure 1). Much of the watershed was logged between 1950 and 1980. Logging and salvage practices of the time were not designed to protect streams or fisheries resources, and as a result many of the streams in the area have reduced
fish access, poor water quality and altered hydrological function.
The Kennedy Flats Watershed Restoration Project (KWRP) was initiated in 1994 under the federal Canadian Salmon Enhancement and Restoration Fund (CSERF) and continued in 1995 under the provincial Forest Renewal BC (FRBC) Watershed Restoration Program (WRP). Since that time, local restoration crews have been working to restore the hydrological, biological, riparian, and ecological functions of the Kennedy Flats Watersheds.
Methods used have included removal of non-embedded small woody debris (SWD), anchoring of large woody debris (LWD) into functional structures, spawning gravel placement, riparian restoration, landslide restoration and road deactivation. Tofino and Thornton Creek Salmon Enhancement Societies have also been working to augment salmon populations through their hatchery (Figures 16 & 17) programs and spawning gravel placement projects.Restoration work continued in 2008 thanks to funding from
BC Transmission Corporation, FIA funding from Mamook- Coulsons, and the Clayoquot Forest Communities Program. A crew of eight worked for a total of seven weeks, from July 14th to September 9th. The first day of the project was devoted to training; orienting the crew with standard operating procedures, safety protocol, and regulations. A maintenance sweep of the 2007 instream restoration sites was carried out over the first week of the project. In addition to the maintenance sweep the crew spent one day brushing the 2007 riparian planting sites on lower Lost Shoe Creek. Four weeks were spent on upper Lost Shoe and Salmon Creek removing SWD, dismantling log jams, and restructuring LWD within the creek (Appendices V and VI). In the remaining three weeks of the project the crew worked on the lower portion of Lost Shoe Creek in Pacific Rim National Park Reserve (PRNPR) dismantling two major log jams removing non-embedded SWD and repositioning LWD (Appendix IV).