Investigations of inlet streams to Birkenhead Lake indicated egg-to-fry survival is likely relatively poor for both kokanee and Dolly Varden (Bull Trout?)because of small substrates (i.e., sand and fines) in spawning areas and as a result of substrate movements during fall freshets in Phelix and Sockeye Creeks. Some experimental gravel introductions are suggested for small stable tributaries where kokanee are known to spawn. Likewise, rainbow trout production to Birkenhead Lake depends almost entirely on spawning and juvenile production in the lake outlet stream, the Taillifer River. Spawning substrate might also be improved by introduction of gravel near the lake outlet (as in Chilliwack Lake). A further assessment of current and potential production in the outlet is advisable prior to any major expenditures. Recommendations have been made for stabilization of stream channels in Lower Phelix Creek and its major tributary.
Sebastian, D.C.. 1982. Assessment of Inlet Tributaries to Birkenhead Lake - Preliminary Recommendations for Enhancement. Ministry of Environment. Fisheries Report. FRN201
Topic: Fish and Fish Habitats
Keywords: Birkenhead Lake, Phelix Creek, Sockeye Creek, Taillifer River, kokanee, Dolly Varden (Bull Trout?), rainbow trout, habitat, enhancement