Over 400 species of mammals and birds occur in B.C. Many of these are beneficial to forests, assiting in the dispersal of seeds and important fungi, devouring insects and contributing to the recreational value of the forest. Only a few species inflict noticeable damage to trees. For species inflicting substantial damage, this report describes physical characteristics, range, life history, and damage characteristics in an attemp to assist forest managers in identifying the species responsible for damage.
Harestad, Alton. 1983. Natural History of Vertebrate Pests in Forests of British Columbia. Ministry of Forests. Wildlife Habitat Research Report. WHR-4