Reports and References

for Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)

Reports from BC Conservation Data Centre

BC Species Summary

Reports from Other Databases

E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Wildlife of British Columbia


Environment Canada's Species at Risk Website


Global Comprehensive Report (NatureServe Explorer)

Status Report

COSEWIC. 2005m. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the fin whale Balaenoptera physalus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. ix + 37pp.


COSEWIC. 2019. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus, Atlantic population and Pacific population, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. xv + 72 pp

Recovery and Management Plans

B.C. Ministry of Environment. Recovery Planning in BC. B.C. Minist. Environ. Victoria, BC.


Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2017. Action Plan for Blue, Fin, Sei and North Pacific Right Whales (Balaenoptera musculus, B. physalus, B. borealis, and Eubalaena japonica) in Canadian Pacific Waters. Species at Risk Act Action Plan Series. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa. iv + 28 pp.


Gregr, E.J., J. Calambokidis, L. Convey, J.K.B. Ford, R.I. Perry, L. Spaven, M. Zacharias. 2006. Recovery Strategy for Blue, Fin, and Sei Whales (Balaenoptera musculus, B. physalus, and B. borealis) in Pacific Canadian Waters. In Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Vancouver: Fisheries and Oceans Canada. vii + 53 pp.

Other Related References

Carretta, J.V., K.A. Forney, E.M. Oleson, et al. 2020. U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2019 U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SWFSC-629.


Ford, J.K.B. 2014. Marine Mammals of British Columbia. Royal BC Museum Handbook, Mammals of BC, volume 6. Royal B.C. Mus., Victoria, BC. 460 pp.


Ford, J.K.B. and R.R. Reeves. 2008. Fight or flight: antipredator strategies of baleen whales. Mammal Review, 38:50-86.


Koot, B. 2015. Winter behaviour and population structure of Fin Whales (Balaenopteraphysalus) in British Columbia inferred from passive acoustic data. Thesis, Univ. of B.C., Vancouver, BC. 111 p.


Nichol, L.M., B.M. Wright, P. O'Hara, and J.K.B. Ford. 2017. Risk of lethal vessel strikes to humpback Megaptera novaeangliae and fin Balaenoptera physalus whales off the west coast of Vancouver Island, Canada. Endangered Species Research 32:373-390.


Nichol, L.M., R.M. Abernethy, B.M. Wright, et al. 2018. Distribution, movements and habitat fidelity patterns of Fin Whales (Balaenoptera physalus) in Canadian Pacific Waters. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2017/004. vii + 52 p.


Pilkington, J.F., E.H. Stredulinsky, R.M. Abernethy, R.M., and J.K.B. Ford. 2018. Patterns of Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) Seasonality and Relative Distribution in Canadian Pacific Waters Inferred from Passive Acoustic Monitoring. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2018/032. vi + 26 p.


Redfern, J.V., L.T. Hatch, C. Caldow, et al. 2017. Assessing the risk of chronic shipping noise to baleen whales off Southern California, USA. Endangered Species Research, 32:153-167.


Rockwood, R.C., J. Calambokidis, and J. Jahncke. 2017. High mortality of blue, humpback and fin whales from modeling of vessel collisions on the U.S. West Coast suggests population impacts and insufficient protection. PLoS ONE 12(8): e0183052.


Taylor, B.L., S.J. Chivers, J. Larese, and W.F. Perrin. 2007. Generation length and percent mature estimates for IUCN assessments of cetaceans. Administrative Report LJ-07-01. National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center. LaJolla, CA. 24 pp.


Williams, R., C.W. Clark, D. Ponirakis, and E. Ashe. 2014b. Acoustic quality of critical habitats for three threatened whale populations. Animal conservation, 17(2), pp.174-185.


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