Reports and References

for Balsamorhiza deltoidea (deltoid balsamroot)

Reports from BC Conservation Data Centre

BC Species Summary


BC Conservation Status Report

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Mapped Known Locations

Reports from Other Databases

E-Flora BC: Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia


Environment Canada's Species at Risk Website


Global Comprehensive Report (NatureServe Explorer)

Status Report

COSEWIC. 2008t. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on Deltoid Balsamroot Balsamorhiza deltoidea in Canada. Comm. on the Status of Endangered Wildl. in Can. Ottawa. In press.


Ryan, M., and G.W. Douglas. 1996a. Status Report on Deltoid balsamroot, Balsamorhiza deltoidea, in Canada. Unpubl. rep. submitted to the Comm. on the Status of Endangered Wildl. in Can. Ottawa. 30pp.


Ryan, M.W., and G.W. Douglas. 1999. Status of Deltoid Balsamroot in British Columbia. B.C. Minist. Environ., Lands and Parks, Wildl. Branch. Tech. Bull. B-90. 20pp.

Recovery and Management Plans

B.C. Ministry of Environment. Recovery Planning in BC. B.C. Minist. Environ. Victoria, BC.


Parks Canada Agency. 2006b. Recovery Strategy for Multi-Species at Risk in Garry Oak Woodlands in Canada. In: Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Ottawa: Parks Canada Agency. 58pp.

Other Related References

Douglas, G.W., and L-M. Richards. April 17, 1997. Field survey of Mount Tzuhalem Ecological Reserve to resurvey populations of Balsamorhiza deltoidea and Viola praemorsa var. praemorsa.


Douglas, G.W., and M. Ryan. 2001. Status of the Deltoid Balsamroot, Balsamorhiza deltoidea (Asteraceae) in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. 115(3):451-454.


Douglas, G.W., D. Meidinger, and J. Penny. 2002. Rare Native Vascular Plants of British Columbia, 2nd ed. B.C. Conserv. Data Centre, Terrestrial Inf. Branch, Victoria. 358pp.


Douglas, G.W., G.D. Straley, and D. Meidinger, eds. 1998b. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Vol. 1, Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons (Aceraceae through Asteraceae). B.C. Minist. Environ., Lands and Parks, Wildl. Branch, and B.C. Minist. For. Res. Program. 436pp.


Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team. 2003. Balsamorhiza deltoidea (edit 2010).In: Species at risk in Garry oak and associated ecosystems in British Columbia. Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team, Victoria, British Columbia.


Hitchcock, C. L., and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. Univ. Wash. Press, Seattle.


Kruckeberg, A.R. 1982. Gardening with Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Douglas and McIntyre Press, Vancouver. 252pp.


Lea, E. 2002. Historical Garry Oak ecosystems of Greater Victoria and the Saanich Peninsula. 1:20,000 scale maps. Prepared for Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team by Terrestrial Inf. Branch, B.C. Minist. Sustainable Resour. Manage., Victoria.


Maze, J., K.A. Robson, S. Banerjee, L.R. Bohm and R.K. Scagel. 1990. Quantitative studies in early ovule and fruit development: Developmental constraints in Balsamorhiza sagittata and B. hookeri. Botanical Gazette 15:415-422.


Ownbey, M., and W.A. Weber. 1943. Natural hybridization in the genus Balsamorhiza. Am. J. Bot. 36:179-187.


Roemer, H. 1993. Rare or interesting plants in B.C. Ecological Reserves and Ecological Reserve Proposed Areas.


Roemer, H. 2005. Synoptic table of Balsamorhiza deltoidea occurrences in British Columbia.


Roemer, Hans. 2002. A plant species inventory with emphasis on rare species: Fort Rodd Hill/Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic Sites. Rep. prepared for Parks Can., August 2002. 19pp. + app. and photos.


Roemer, Hans. 2003. Rare plant monitoring at Mill Hill Regional Park. A project carried out for Capital Regional District Parks. Roemer Field Botany Consulting. 19pp.+ photos and map.


Turner, N., and M.A.M. Bell. 1971. The ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island. Economic Bot. 25: 63-104.


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